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How to find your way around the childcare services offered in Québec

In Québec, the childcare services offered are presented in two modes: childcare in facilities (daycare centres and childcare centres (CPE)) and home childcare.

Childcare offered in facilities (daycare centres and childcare centres (CPE))

  • Childcare in facilities is offered by childcare centres (CPE), subsidized daycare centres (which offer reduced-contribution spaces) and non-subsidized daycare centres for which the daily fixed rate per child varies depending on the facility.

Home childcare services

  • Persons who offer home childcare to six children and under can do so legally because they are not subject to the Educational Childcare Act. However, if they wish to offer reduced-contribution spaces, they must be recognized as home childcare providers (HCP) by a Home Childcare Coordinating Office (CO). An HCP may receive a maximum of nine children under nine years of age, including the HCP's own children. However, an HCP who receives from seven to nine children must be assisted by another adult.

Frequently asked questions

Will all childcare services receive the logo?

Only childcare providers subject to the Educational Childcare Act, namely childcare centres (CPE), subsidized and non-subsidized daycare centres and home childcare providers, through their Coordinating Offices, will receive the logo. Persons who offer childcare to six children and under (without reduced-contribution spaces) are not subject to the Educational Childcare Act, and thus will not receive the logo.

Is it mandatory to display the logo?

Childcare centres (CPE), daycare centres and HCPs recognized by a Coordinating Office are invited by the Ministère de la Famille to display the logo, but this is not mandatory.

Does the logo guarantee the quality of the childcare services?

The logo clearly shows parents that the childcare service undertakes to comply with the legal and regulatory framework and to assure a healthy and safe environment for children.

Does the logo indicate this is a reduced-contribution childcare service?

No. The logo indicates that the childcare service is subject to the Educational Childcare Act.

My childcare service has not displayed the logo. What can I do to ensure it is in good standing?

It is not mandatory to display the logo, but as soon as a childcare provider provides childcare to more than six children, or offers reduced-contribution spaces, the provider must hold a permit from the Ministère de la Famille or have been recognized by a Home Childcare Coordinating Office. To check if a childcare centre (CPE) or a daycare centre holds a permit, you can ask to see it. As stipulated in the Act, these services must post their permit in a location accessible to everyone and visible at all times. You can also look up the Childcare Establishment Locator on the Ministère de la Famille s website, to check whether a daycare centre or a childcare centre (CPE) holds a permit. Home childcare providers do not obtain a permit and do not have to post a document in their residence. To find out if an HPC is recognized, you can address the Home Childcare Coordinating Office (CO) for your territory (see the Childcare Establishment Locator to find the CO).

My childcare service does not post the logo and, after checking, the person in charge tells me she does not have a permit from the Ministère de la Famille. I have the impression the childcare service is illegal. What should I do?

In the case of a person who offers childcare to six children and under (without reduced-contribution spaces), this person is not subject to the Educational Childcare Act. These services are legal and she does not need recognition by a Coordinating Office. Therefore, she will not have to display a logo. If a childcare provider provides childcare to more than six children without holding a permit and without being recognized by a Coordinating Office, you may make a complaint.

For more information, don't hesitate to contact the information service.

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Last modified date :
April 24, 2017