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Special conditions concerning youth

In the case of school-age youths, the interventions usually following the school's protocol on bullying and the rules of conduct and security measures. When an adolescent commits an act of bullying that does not constitute an offence within the meaning of the legislation, the interveners will seek to establish the adolescent's fair and proportionate accountability that is consistent with his reduced level of maturity and that will have the goal of repairing the damage to the victim and the community. Thus, in school environments, the institutions generally provide for penalties proportionate to the seriousness of the act. For example:

  • reparative action;
  • removal from the class;
  • internal or external suspension;
  • expulsion.

Schools seek to prevent suspension and expulsion of students by deploying various measures, in an educational approach, to guide students and organize services to support reflection and adoption of behaviours.

Depending on the act committed, there might have to be an intervention under the Youth Criminal Justice Act. This Act sets out the principles, rules of procedure and sentences applicable to adolescents (12 to 17 years of age) for offences under criminal prosecutions instituted under federal legislation, including the Criminal Code. Some offences result in measures other than court proceedings. These measures, taken as extrajudicial penalties, may be:

  • a mediation session with the victim;
  • a social skills development workshop;
  • community work;
  • any other measure considered appropriate by the competent authorities.

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Last modified date :
March 27, 2020