The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination was adopted in 1965 by the United Nations General Assembly and ratified by Canada on October 14, 1970. Québec is bound by this Convention by Order in Council 1471-76 of May 10, 1976. This Convention condemns any distinction, exclusion, restriction
or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or
effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human
rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was adopted in 1979 by the United Nations General Assembly and ratified by Canada on December 10, 1981. Québec is bound by this Convention by Order in Council 2894-81 of October 20, 1981. This Convention attests to international recognition of the fact that violence against women constitutes a major violation of human rights, a form of discrimination against women and a major public health problem. Violence against women is understood as encompassing, non-exhaustively, bullying at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted in 1989 by the United Nations General Assembly and ratified by Canada on November 13, 1991. Québec is bound by this Convention by Order in Council 1676-91 of December 9, 1991. This Convention provides, in particular, that States Parties shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent
treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse, while in the care of parent(s), legal
guardian(s) or any other person who has the care of the child. The Committee on the Rights of the Child adopted General Comment No. 13 (2011) (The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence), which specifically concerns bullying. In addition, the United Nations General Assembly, on December 18, 2014, adopted Resolution A/69/158 on protecting children from bullying.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2006 and ratified by Canada on March 11, 2010. Québec is bound by this Convention by Order in Council 179-2010 of March 10, 2010. This Convention recognizes in its preamble that "women and girls with disabilities are often at greater risk, both within and outside the home, of violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation". Article 16 of the Convention sets out the right of persons with disabilities to freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse, which include bullying, and the obligation for the States Parties to the Convention to ensure their protection.
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