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What are acts of bullying? »
- Unequal power relationship
- A generally deliberate act resulting in harm or hurt;
- Repetitive nature1.
Direct or indirect bullying
- push intentionally
- insult, mock, ridicule
- make remarks that are sexist, homophobic, transphobic, or racist
- make remarks that discriminate on the basis of age or other personal characteristics
- propagate lies or rumours
- denigrate, humiliate
- look at in a scornful or threatening manner
- isolate, exclude
- take another’s goods (including, for example, images on the Internet)
Verbal, social, or material bullying may be perpetrated by means of information and communication technologies (social networks, text messages, e-mails, blogs, Web sites, etc.)
Direct or indirect bullying has
harmful effects for the person targeted, which could also affect other people involved and have a negative impact on their environment.
Depending on the context, a single—objectively serious—gesture could also be associated with acts of bullying without being repetitive in nature (i.e. assault causing injury, armed assault, or death threat).
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